Management of school library and student academic performance in secondary schools: a case of Nabweru division, Nansana municipality, Wakiso district
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The study aimed at determining the extent to which management of school library affects student academic performance in Nabweru Division, Nansana Municipality, Wakiso District. Its objectives included establishing the relationship between; availability of enough and relevant reference materials, planning of school library, staffing of school library and organization of school library and student academic performance. This study adopted cross sectional survey design which was both quantitative and qualitative in nature. A purposive sampling technique was used to select senior four class, 2 government aided secondary schools, 5 librarians and 5 head teachers. A simple random sampling technique was used to select 3 private secondary schools and 2 teachers from each school while the stratified random sampling technique was used to select 36 senior four students from each school to raise a total of 180. The study made use of a structured questionnaire to gather quantitative data from 172 students and a semi-structured questionnaire to obtain both quantitative and qualitative data from 10 teachers whereas an interview guide was used to collect the qualitative data from 5 head teachers and 5 librarians. The observation guide was also used to get qualitative data on the availability of relevant reference materials, library planning, and organization of school library. Finally, the documentary analysis was used to collect information about the students’ academic performance. Quantitative analysis involved descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Findings revealed a weak positive correlation between availability of relevant materials, planning of school library and organization of school library and student academic performance. A moderate positive correlation between staffing of school library and student academic performance was also revealed by the findings. The study concluded that management of school library significantly affects student academic performance. It was thus recommended, among others, that management of school libraries be improved through adequate planning, adequate staffing and adequate organization so as to raise student academic performance.