The relevance of integrating entrepreneurship training into academic programmes of tertiary Institutions in Uganda: a case study of Kyambogo University
Akello, Irene joy
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Entrepreneurship Education has been incorporated as a course unite in most tertiary institutions in Uganda. It is possible that there could be a challenge in transferring entrepreneurial skills into practice by graduates in workplaces. The study assessed the relevance of integrating entrepreneurship training into the academic programmes of tertiary institutions in Uganda. The objectives of the study were to: establish the level of entrepreneurship training in Kyambogo University; establish how graduates of Kyambogo University perceive the relevance of entrepreneurial training in business startups; and ascertain if graduates from Kyambogo University demonstrate entrepreneurial skills in workplaces. A descriptive study design and qualitative research approach were used. The study was conducted in three (3) departments. Six (6) categories of respondents and a sample size of 35 respondents was used. Purposive, random, stratified and snowball sampling techniques were used in selection of the respondents. Qualitative technique was used in the process of data collection. Data was generated using interviews, observations and documentary analysis techniques. The instruments used included interview guides, an observation checklist and a documentary analysis guide. They were pre-tested and adjustments were made to improve on their validity and reliability. The was meant to benefit students, lecturers, administrators, the government, the donor; community and the general public. Findings of the study revealed that: aims and objectives were relevant and the content of entrepreneurship covered essential aspects needed for practice. Lecture was the most commonly used method of delivery while continuous assessment and final examination were evident. The study further established that graduates perceived the relevance of entrepreneurship training as useful in business start-ups. It was clearly revealed that some graduates were innovative in workplaces and measured to the expectations of the supervisors. Based on the findings of the study, it is relevant to integrate entrepreneurship training into the academic programmes ot: tertiary institutions. Recommendations made were that: all universities should integrate entrepreneurship in their academic programs; refresher courses be organized for lecturers of entrepreneurship and their subjects of specialization; raise awareness of parents, employers and other students to perceive entrepreneurship as a career option; tertiary institutions should organize events, seminars with external entrepreneurs to inspire students. NCHE and MoES were to adjust entrepreneurship training curricula to the needs of the market. It was further recommended that government increase budgetary allocation and funding towards establishment of entrepreneurship centres for both formal and informal sectors; HoDs draw one-on-one mentoring program for students with experienced entrepreneurs; annual business plan practicum be incorporated in the course outline and strong collaboration among institutions at all level for transfer of knowledge and skills were recommended. Finally, students to participate in product creation, design and marketing promotions.