The evolution of Lango political institutions, 1800 to 2017
The purpose of the study was to examine the evolution of Lango political institutions from 1800 to 2017. It covered the pre-colonial to post-colonial periods. The study further aimed to show when and how Lango political institutions evolved. Two theories guided the study namely the Structural Regulation of Internal Affairs theory and the Rule of Political Practicality theory. The study employed a qualitative approach with a case study design in which the researcher applied snowball and convenience sampling techniques. The technique helped the researcher to locate the hidden population such as clan leaders and elders that would not have been known. Interview guides were used while conducting the oral interviews. The study revealed that despite the fact that Lango was a decentralised society, it had clan heads as the main political leaders from pre-colonial to post periods. The study concluded that the Lango originated from Abbysinia (Ethiopia) and that the Lango are of Galla stock. The study further examined the relationship between the Lango and other ethnic groups such as Acholi, Labwor, Karimojong, Iteso, Kumam and Banyoro and it showed that the relationship was based on raids, trade and intermarriages. It revealed that Lango political institutions evolved gradually during the pre-colonial, colonial and post-colonial periods and that is why the Lango political institutions is currently headed by a Won Nyaci ( a representative of clan leaders).